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1.
Boj proti kibernetski kriminaliteti v Sloveniji : organiziranost, način, pravna podlaga in njeno izpolnjevanje
Aleksandar Ilievski, Igor Bernik, 2013, review article

Abstract: Namen prispevka: Številna poročila mednarodnih in nacionalnih organizacij iz zadnjega obdobja govorijo o hitrem in inovativnem razvoju kibernetske kriminalitete. V tem prispevku želimo analizirati organiziranost in način boja proti kibernetski kriminaliteti v Sloveniji, proučiti pravne podlage za to področje in predstaviti nacionalne statistične podatke o njenem uresničevanju. Metode: Splošne ugotovitve so oblikovane na podlagi pregleda literature, pregleda dejavnosti v Republiki Sloveniji, javnih, zasebnih in mednarodnih organizacijah, povezanih s kibernetsko in informacijsko varnostjo, pregleda zakonodaje ter dostopnih uradnih statističnih podatkov o kibernetski kriminaliteti. Ugotovitve: Ključno vlogo pri preiskovanju kibernetske kriminalitete v Sloveniji imajo Center za računalniško preiskovanje, Slovenski center za posredovanje pri omrežnih incidentih (SI-CERT) in Evropski center za kibernetsko kriminaliteto. V boj proti kibernetski kriminaliteti so vključene tudi druge državne, nepolicijske organizacije, zasebna informacijsko-varnostna podjetja, nevladne in mednarodne organizacije. Pravna podlaga za boj proti kibernetski kriminaliteti v Sloveniji je napredna in je del več nacionalnih in mednarodnih pravnih aktov. Največji problem, s katerim se srečujejo organi pregona, je redko obravnavanje kibernetskih kaznivih dejanj v globalnem razcvetu kibernetske kriminalitete, saj smo imeli v Sloveniji v zadnjih sedmih letih le nekaj obsodilnih obsodb. Omejitve/uporabnost raziskave Prispevek proučuje boj proti kibernetski kriminaliteti v Sloveniji, vključujoč mednarodne organizacije, ki delujejo na območju države. Izvirnost/pomembnost prispevka: Na državni ravni še niso bili analizirani način, organiziranost in uspešnost boja proti kibernetski kriminaliteti. V prispevku izpostavljamo probleme, s katerimi se srečuje Slovenija, in predlagamo priporočila za uspešnejši boj proti kibernetski kriminaliteti.
Keywords: kibernetska kriminaliteta, omejevanje, institucije, pravna podlaga, Slovenija
Published in DKUM: 23.04.2020; Views: 703; Downloads: 87
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2.
Social-economic aspects of cybercrime
Aleksandar Ilievski, Igor Bernik, 2015, original scientific article

Abstract: The purpose of the study is to highlight the main issues of developing countries regarding cybercrime and examine the possible link between weak economic development and escalating levels of cybercrime. The findings were established on the basis of literature review, comparative studies and the synthesis of findings. The existing sociological theories of crime are not limited to traditional crime and may be used for the interpretation of its cyber version. By analysing individual sociological theories and the results of empirical research, we found that social-economic factors, such as GDP per capita, unemployment and education, are closely related to the incidence of cybercrime in different countries. This enables us to conclude that the relatively poor economic development is one of the reasons contributing to a higher incidence of cybercrime in Eastern European countries. By taking into account factors of different nature, one could increase the understanding of cybercrime and the possibility of adopting and implementing reliable preventive measures. However, this paper strives not only to understand the factors related to cybercrime, but also to raise awareness, stimulate a proactive approach and develop preventive actions in the fight against cybercrime.
Keywords: social-economic aspects, cybercrime, economic development
Published in DKUM: 06.07.2017; Views: 1037; Downloads: 371
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3.
Operation of the Albanian mafia in the Republic of Macedonia
Aleksandar Ilievski, Bojan Dobovšek, 2013, original scientific article

Abstract: Purpose: Albanian mafia currently represents a threat to the entire Europe, while Macedonia, a country with a 25% Albanian minority, is one of the most threatened countries in Europe. In this article, we have elaborated in more detail the scope, vision and modus operandi of the Albanian mafia in human trafficking, illegal arms and drug trade in Europe, especially in Macedonia, a country that is considered one of the home countries of the Albanian mafia. The aim is to explain the transformation of the National liberation army (NLA) into Democratic Union for Integration (DUI) and investigate underlying interconnection between the NLA with the Albanian mafia. Design/Methods/Approach: The methods employed include analysis of existing literature along with previously published interviews, certain statistical data, as well as opinions of people who have been interviewed in person due to their extensive experience in the fight against organized crime in Macedonia. Findings: During the research, the actual condition regarding the impact of the Albanian mafia in Macedonia has been investigated, and it was concluded that, both in Macedonia and throughout Europe, there was a need for more rigorous treatment of the strategy how to deal with the mafia. The thesis that the NLA has direct links with the Albanian mafia has been proven. Research limitations / implications: The main focus was on the progress of its activities in Macedonia, although the Albanian mafia operates on a far larger territory. Practical implications: This research emphasizes the actual state of operation of the Albanian mafia in several aspects, and provide a brief insight into their vision for the future. In addition, it could help significantly into the improvement of safety measures against the mafia's criminal activities. Originality/Value: Due to the fact that any research regarding the operations of the Albanian mafia in Macedonia is crucial for the security in the region, there is hardly any made in this field.
Keywords: Albanian mafia, National Liberation Army (NLA), Democratic Union for Integration (DUI), Big Albania, transformation, Macedonia
Published in DKUM: 10.07.2015; Views: 1227; Downloads: 91
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4.
Delovanje albanske mafije v Republiki Makedoniji : magistrsko delo
Aleksandar Ilievski, 2012, master's thesis

Abstract: Albanska mafija v današnjem času predstavlja grožnjo celemu svetu in sicer zaradi njenega hitrega in kakovostnega razvoja, kakor tudi njene sposobnosti in želje po velikem in zagotovljenem „poslovnem področju”. Mednarodna poročila uvrščajo Albansko mafijo na prvo mesto v Evropi pri čemer se kot njene matične države navajajo Albanija, Kosovo in Makedonija oziroma države v katerih živi največje število etničnih Albancev. Makedonija je v letu 2001 doživela spopad, ki ga je izzvala paravojaška albanska organizacija Osvobodilna narodna vojska (ONV), ki se šteje kot »paravojaško krilo« Albanske mafije. Takoj po spopadu se je ONV z enako vodilno strukturo preoblikovala v albansko politično stranko v Makedoniji z nazivom Demokratična unija za integracije (DUI) preko katere se uresničujejo politični interesi ONV. V mojem delu sem najprej definiral Albansko mafijo, potem pa sem poudaril njen vpliv v Evropi in obseg njenega delovanja v Makedoniji tako v zgodovini kot v sedanjosti. S tem sem poudaril njen prispevek k celotnemu organiziranemu kriminalu v Republiki Makedoniji, zlasti k trgovini z orožjem, mamili in ljudmi. V nadaljevanju besedila sem opisal spopad v Makedoniji leta 2001 ter raziskal tudi resnični nameravani cilj spopada. Pri koncu sem opisal povezanost ONV z mafijo ter obrazložil preoblikovanje ONV v albansko stranko DUI, ki je od spopada do danes najštevilnejša albanska stranka v Makedoniji in dolgoletna koalicijska partnerica v Vladi RM. Moje magistrsko delo sem zaključil z analizo 7 intervjujev, ki sem jih izvedel pretežno z univerzitetnimi profesorji in osebami z izkušnjami na področju boja proti organiziranemu kriminalu v RM.
Keywords: organizirana kriminaliteta, albanska mafija, Makedonija, magistrska dela
Published in DKUM: 04.10.2012; Views: 4547; Downloads: 483
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